To find out more about the archaeological investigations, please visit Archaeology of the Western Front

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Cartridge cases found in the front line trench

Cartridge cases found on the Front Line

© Centre for Battlefield Archaeology
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Eyepieces and valve of gasmask

Eyepieces and valve of a gas mask

© Centre for Battlefield Archaeology
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Length of corrugated iron

Length of corrugated iron

© Centre for Battlefield Archaeology
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Charger of 303 bullets from a British rifle

Charger of 303 bullets from a British rifle

© Centre for Battlefield Archaeology
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Mills bomb (hand grenade)

Mills bomb (hand grenade)

© Centre for Battlefield Archaeology
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Mills bombs (hand grenades)

Mills bombs (hand grenades)

© Centre for Battlefield Archaeology
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Service Reserve Depot rum bottle © Centre for Battlefield Archaeology

Rum bottle; SRD stands for Service Reserve Depot.

© Centre for Battlefield Archaeology
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Wine decanter

Wine decanter

© Centre for Battlefield Archaeology
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Bayonet from a Label rifle

Bayonet from a Label rifle

© Centre for Battlefield Archaeology
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Section through a back-filled communication trench

Section through a back-filled communication trench

© Centre for Battlefield Archaeology
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The excavation at Mametz c. Centre for Battlefield Archaeology

The excavation at Mametz

© Centre for Battlefield Archaeology
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Swastika medallion found around the wrist of a fallen soldier.

Swastika medallion found around the wrist of a fallen soldier

© Centre for Battlefield Archaeology
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Eye piece from a gas mask

Eye piece from a gas mask

© Centre for Battlefield Archaeology
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Buckles form Australian tunics

Buckles form Australian tunics

© Centre for Battlefield Archaeology
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Zinc eyelets from German groundsheets used to lower bodies of soldiers into burial pits.

Zinc eyelets from German groundsheets used to lower bodies of soldiers into burial pits.

© Centre for Battlefield Archaeology
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Matchbox found with soldier

Matchbox found with soldier

© Centre for Battlefield Archaeology
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Australian Rising Sun badge found with soldier.

Australian Rising Sun badge found with a soldier

Australian Rising Sun badge found with soldier.
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Dr Iain Banks in a communication trench

Dr Iain Banks in a communication trench

© Centre for Battlefield Archaeology
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Timer from a British fuse

Timer from a British fuse

© Centre for Battlefield Archaeology
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Topographical survey

Topographical survey of two communication trenches and shell holes

© Centre for Battlefield Archaeology
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Water can, punctured with a pickaxe to create a brazier.

Water can, punctured with a pickaxe to create a brazier

© Centre for Battlefield Archaeology
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Comb, cut down to make a moustache comb.

Comb, cut down to make a mustache comb.

© Centre for Battlefield Archaeology
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Bottles for wine, spirits and condiments.

Bottles for wine, spirits and condiments.

© Centre for Battlefield Archaeology
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HP sauce bottle

HP sauce bottle

© Centre for Battlefield Archaeology
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Bulldog shovel, used for tunneling

Bulldog shovel, used for tunneling.

© Centre for Battlefield Archaeology
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Cut-off wader worn by engineers in 1918

Cut-off wader worn by engineers in 1918

© Centre for Battlefield Archaeology
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Oil can found on the floor of the dugout

Oil can found on the floor of the dugout

© Centre for Battlefield Archaeology
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Alcoves for bunkbeds in the dugout, which were never used.

Alcoves for bunkbeds in the dugout

© Centre for Battlefield Archaeology
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Steel girders and corrugated iron for the roof

Steel girders and corrugated iron for the roof

© Centre for Battlefield Archaeology
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Original (1918) oak ladders going up the shaft

Original oak ladders (1918) going up the shaft

© Centre for Battlefield Archaeology
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Ploughed-up shells.

Ploughed-up shells

© Centre for Battlefield Archaeology
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Ploughed-up shells.

Ploughed-up shells

© Centre for Battlefield Archaeology
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Eight-pound unfired British shrapnel shell.

Eight-pound unfired British shrapnel shell

© Centre for Battlefield Archaeology
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Top of the shaft leading into the dugout

Top of the shaft leading into the dugout

© Centre for Battlefield Archaeology
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Duckboard found in situ.

Duckboard found in situ

© Centre for Battlefield Archaeology
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Wine bottles.

Wine bottles

© Centre for Battlefield Archaeology
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Filter from a hand pump

Filter from a hand pump

© Centre for Battlefield Archaeology
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Detail of stairs from LIDAR scans

Detail of stairs from LIDAR scans

© Centre for Battlefield Archaeology
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Lebel rifle, found with two French soldiers buried behind the front line

Lebel rifle, found with two French soldiers buried behind the front line

© Centre for Battlefield Archaeology
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Sandbags from the preserved parapet along the front line, with chalk-filled bags and uprights probably used to repair holes.

Sandbags from a preserved parapet

© Centre for Battlefield Archaeology
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LIDAR scans of the dugout system

LIDAR scans of the dugout system

© Centre for Battlefield Archaeology
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The pump, as found in situ in the dugout. It still worked after 90years underground

The pump, as found in situ in the dugout. It still worked after 90years underground

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Lead plumb bob found outside the dugout

Lead plumb bob found outside the dugout

© Centre for Battlefield Archaeology
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Bulldog spade, used for digging through clay.

Bulldog spade, used for digging through clay

© Centre for Battlefield Archaeology
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Cartridge cases found in the front line trench

Screw picket and straight picket

© Centre for Battlefield Archaeology
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Duckboard in situ in the Front Line

Duckboard in situ

© Centre for Battlefield Archaeology
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Duckboard in situ in the Front Line trench

Duckboard in situ

© Centre for Battlefield Archaeology